Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition in which the force of blood against the walls of the arteries is consistently too high. Doctors do not know the exact cause of high blood pressure, but it is associated with obesity, smoking, a high-salt diet, and a family history of the condition. Port Saint Lucie hypertension is referred to as a silent killer because it does not show symptoms. You might not know you have the disease until you get tested. So, it is essential to have regular check-ups to monitor your blood pressure, especially if you are at risk.
What are the types of hypertension?
Primary high blood pressure: Also called essential high blood pressure, it is the most common form of high blood pressure. It is caused by aging and unhealthy habits like not getting enough exercise.
Secondary high blood pressure: This type of hypertension results from different medical issues or medication you are taking.
What are the risk factors of hypertension?
Age: You become more vulnerable to hypertension with an increase in age.
Genetics: You are at a high risk of developing hypertension if a family member has the condition.
Obesity: You are at a higher risk of hypertension if you are overweight or obese.
Physical inactivity: A sedentary lifestyle can increase your risk of hypertension.
Tobacco use: Smoking and other forms of tobacco can raise your blood pressure.
Excessive alcohol consumption: Drinking too much alcohol can cause your blood pressure to rise.
Stress: Chronic stress can lead to hypertension.
Certain medical conditions: Diabetes, kidney disease, and sleep apnea are all associated with an increased risk of hypertension.
How is hypertension diagnosed?
Hypertension is typically diagnosed during a regular check-up with your healthcare provider. The provider will measure your blood pressure using a sphygmomanometer, which consists of an inflatable cuff that collapses and then releases the artery under the cuff in a controlled manner, and mercury to measure the pressure.
When your blood pressure reads 130/80 mmHg or higher, there may be a high chance that you have hypertension. Your doctor may recommend additional tests, such as blood tests, to check for underlying conditions that may be contributing to your high blood pressure.
What are the treatments for hypertension?
Your doctor can prescribe medications like diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers to lower blood pressure.
A combination of medications and lifestyle changes can effectively help manage your high blood pressure. The essential lifestyle changes for hypertension include:
Diet: A healthy diet is essential for keeping your blood pressure normal. Ensure you add fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to your diet and reduce the amount of sodium.
Keep a healthy weight: If you are overweight, losing weight and exercising will help lower your blood pressure to healthier levels.
Drink alcohol in moderation: Avoid excessive use of alcohol.
Cut down on salt: Your doctor will recommend you lower your salt intake to less than one thousand five hundred milligrams a day.
Hypertension is a medical condition in which the force of blood against the walls of the arteries is consistently too high. You can manage the disease through medications and lifestyle changes. Schedule an appointment at TLC Medical Group Inc for hypertension treatment to prevent severe complications.